The creation of the first internet can be attributed to a collaborative effort among multiple individuals and organisations. The fundamental technologies and concepts that laid the foundation for the internet were developed over several decades. However, it is important to note that the internet, as we know it today, is not the work of a single individual or a single event.
The precursor to the modern internet was a project called ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network), which was funded by the United States Department of Defense’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA, now known as DARPA). ARPANET was designed to connect computers and facilitate communication and resource sharing between different research institutions.
The development of ARPANET involved many contributors, but some notable figures include:
J.C.R. Licklider: Licklider was an American psychologist and computer scientist who envisioned a global network of computers capable of communication and resource sharing. He was instrumental in shaping the concept of ARPANET.
Leonard Kleinrock: Kleinrock is an American computer scientist who played a significant role in the theory and mathematical modelling of packet switching, a key technology behind modern computer networks.
Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf: Kahn and Cerf are often referred to as the “fathers of the internet.” They co-developed the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP), which became the foundation for the modern internet’s communication protocols (TCP/IP).
It is important to note that the term “internet” was coined in the 1970s to describe the interconnected networks that formed the basis of modern internet architecture. The exact person who first used the term is not clear, but it is believed to have been used in various technical discussions and documents during that time.
Overall, the development of the first internet was a collaborative effort involving numerous individuals and organisations. It was a gradual process that evolved over time, with contributions from researchers, scientists, and engineers from around the world.
WHY SHOULD WE USE THE INTERNET?
There are several reasons why people use the internet, and it has become an integral part of our daily lives. Here are some of the key benefits and reasons why people utilise the internet:
Information and Knowledge: The internet is an enormous repository of information on almost any topic imaginable. It provides instant access to a vast amount of knowledge, research, news, and educational resources. People use the internet to learn, gather information, and stay updated on various subjects.
Communication and Social Interaction: The internet has revolutionised communication. It enables people to connect and interact with others across the globe through email, social media, messaging platforms, and video conferencing. It facilitates staying in touch with family and friends, building new relationships, and collaborating with colleagues.
Entertainment and Recreation: The internet offers a wide range of entertainment options. Streaming platforms allow users to watch movies, TV shows, and videos on-demand. Online gaming provides interactive and immersive experiences. Additionally, people can listen to music, read books, engage in hobbies, and explore virtual worlds for leisure and recreation.
E-commerce and Online Shopping: The internet has transformed the way we shop. E-commerce platforms enable people to browse and purchase a vast array of products and services online, often with convenient home delivery. It provides a global marketplace with access to a wide range of goods and services from around the world.
Education and Online Learning: The internet has revolutionised education by making learning more accessible and flexible. Online courses, tutorials, and educational platforms offer opportunities for distance learning, skill development, and acquiring knowledge at one’s own pace. It allows people to pursue education and acquire new skills irrespective of their physical location.
Productivity and Work: The internet has enhanced productivity in various aspects of work. It enables remote work and collaboration, allowing individuals and teams to work together regardless of their physical location. Online tools, cloud storage, and project management platforms facilitate efficient organisation, communication, and information sharing in professional settings.
Access to Services: The internet provides easy access to a wide range of services such as banking, healthcare, government services, booking travel, and more. It allows individuals to perform tasks and access essential services conveniently from their homes, saving time and effort.
Empowerment and Activism: The internet has provided a platform for individuals to express themselves, share their opinions, and advocate for social causes. It has facilitated grassroots movements, raised awareness about issues, and given a voice to marginalized communities.